Constellation: Planning the city

Session seven of Constellation study group was to do with planning cities and how urban designers from the past and present have tried to create a more efficient city for populations to live in.

Over half of the Worlds population live in cities across the World:

ank
City / Urban area
Country
Population
Land area
(in sqKm)
Density
(people per sqKm)
Tokyo/Yokohama Japan
33,200,000
6,993
4,750
New York Metro USA
17,800,000
8,683
2,050
Sao Paulo Brazil
17,700,000
1,968
9,000
Seoul/Incheon South Korea
17,500,000
1,049
16,700
Mexico City Mexico
17,400,000
2,072
8,400
Osaka/Kobe/Kyoto Japan
16,425,000
2,564
6,400
Manila Philippines
14,750,000
1,399
10,550
Mumbai India
14,350,000
484
29,650
Delhi India
14,300,000
1,295
11,050
10 
Jakarta Indonesia
14,250,000
1,360
10,500
11 
Lagos Nigeria
13,400,000
738
18,150
12 
Kolkata India
12,700,000
531
23,900
13 
Cairo Egypt
12,200,000
1,295
9,400
14 
Los Angeles USA
11,789,000
4,320
2,750
15 
Buenos Aires Argentina
11,200,000
2,266
4,950
16 
Rio de Janeiro Brazil
10,800,000
1,580
6,850
17 
Moscow Russia
10,500,000
2,150
4,900
18 
Shanghai China
10,000,000
746
13,400
19 
Karachi Pakistan
9,800,000
518
18,900
20 
Paris France
9,645,000
2,723
3,550
21 
Istanbul Turkey
9,000,000
1,166
7,700
22 
Nagoya Japan
9,000,000
2,875
3,150
23 
Beijing China
8,614,000
748
11,500
24 
Chicago USA
8,308,000
5,498
1,500
25 
London UK
8,278,000
1,623
5,100

Uk Business insider.com

This is just a table of the 25 most populated cities in the World and as you can see London, even though it is the biggest city in the UK it is still the 25th largest in the World. But with all the people surely the quality of living isn’t good.

The best ranked city for the quality of living is Vienna, Austria because of the rich culture. Germany has 7 cities that are ranked in the top 26 which is more than any other country. This shows even though Germany hasn’t got the best quality of life city in the ranks it tells us that they have a well planned out cities to make life better for the populations that live in them and this what many designer cross the ages have tried to solve.

Sir Ebenezer Howard 1850 – 1928

He was one of the first that thought about the quality of living large populated areas in the UK. He wanted to create a more efficient, sustainable, cleaner and healthier cities and towns. The idea designed to solve this was to create a some sort of Utopia called “The garden City”.

ebenezer_howard_landscape_city_original

Before designing he placed all of his research and thought on a mind map called the “three magnets”. From this Ebenezer came up with this very modernist idea that looked like something from a Sci-fi  book or movie.

Like all great ideas there were some great flaws, such as the idea that Ebenezer didn’t think of maths because most cities at the time had populations of 250,000 – 300,000. Well in this design the population is only 200,000 people for start the design is to small for the major cities in the UK. But also unlike great ideas some towns have taken the idea to create a greener more cleaner city such like the town of Letchworth.

As you can see Sir Ebenezer would of been very proud of this urban architecture and design of the town. It has the big open parks and forest walks like he wanted on his green cit plans. Also the factories he imagined were all covered with green and on the outside of the city circle such as this:

37195116-b71087f9-640

By looking at the images of Letchworth it brings happiness to see the combination of nature and human work come together in  harmony. I would love to go and visit this town to witness the green city. The session was very interesting to know how designers from years ago were already designing city’s for the future and it is very upsetting to see that there aren’t more towns like Letchworth.

 

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